Rats are very intelligent animals and are good at problem solving. They can be taught a variety of tricks and like to solve simple puzzles, like finding the treat at the end of a maze.
Help stimulate your rat’s brain by providing it with plenty of toys for your small pet’s amusement. Rats enjoy playing with balls made for cats, ladders made for bird cages, small boxes, terra cotta pots, cardboard tubes, bird toys made from wood, solid-floored exercise wheels and socks.
Give your rat plenty of time outside of the cage as well. Supervised playtime in a rat-proofed room gives your small pet lots of mental stimulation.